Outdoor equipment | characteristics and types of outdoor backpacks
For more than half a century, especially from the mid-1990s up to now, the development of outdoor sports has shown an explosive growth trend. The carrying equipment of outdoor sports, also known as outdoor backpacks, is also diversified and specialized With the development of human nature, with the gradual increase of outdoor sports involved by people, we are also exposed to more and more types of outdoor backpacks. Therefore, the word backpacker came into being.
Backpack is now a must-have for both outdoor and daily life. What is the difference between outdoor backpack and daily backpack?
According to the outdoor sports, the types of the items are roughly divided into the following categories, and the characteristics of these types of backpacks are briefly described
Climbing class: it is used for climbing ice and snow rock terrain in middle and high altitude mountains. The main features of the backpack are strong, wear-resistant and waterproof, compact structure design, easy to take and place items, professional external hanging and stable carrying. It is also known as the technical climbing backpack. Because a climbing activity needs to carry more climbing materials, it is generally necessary to carry several backpacks with different capacities, such as piggyback, traveling backpack and top punching backpack. In addition, daily climbing activities also need to carry equipment and rope backpack.
Trekking: used for trekking through jungle, mountain and other terrain. The main features of the backpack are strong, wear-resistant and waterproof, strong carrying capacity, complete carrying system, and more external binding points. This category of people accounts for about 80% of the outdoor sports group, which is the most user category, and also the category that needs to be discussed this time.
Hiking is divided into single day backpack and multi day hiking backpack.
One day hiking backpack: in general, one day hiking will carry simple windproof and waterproof clothing (spare cold proof clothing is needed in winter), first-aid kit, stove head pot air tank, dinner food and some energy snacks, kettle and water, spare headlamp or flashlight and electronic entertainment products. According to the volume of the items, these items need about 18-35 liters of capacity Bag.
In one-day hiking activities, you prefer a backpack of about 26 liters. Your partner will ask why you should use a larger backpack for one-day hiking. As the saying goes, be prepared. I have developed a habit for many years. Whether it's one-day walking or multi-day walking, I must carry some necessary supplies, such as headlamp and flashlight, stove head gas tank and set of pot, rush suit, ten meter long rope and first-aid kit. If you need to camp on a one-day hike, you need to carry tents and sleeping bags in addition to the above items, which requires a backpack of about 35-45 liters.
Multi Day Hiking Backpack: multi day hiking activities need to carry more equipment, goods and food, such as tents and sleeping bags, stormy clothes and trousers (more cold proof clothes in winter), clothes and socks to be changed, toiletries, first-aid kits, stoves, meals, and enough energy food, water bottles, headlights, flashlights and technical equipment (Jane Easy climbing equipment and spare rope).
In addition, due to walking for several days or ten days, you will also carry some personal items according to your preference, which requires a backpack with a capacity of about 45-70 liters.
Tips: when choosing backpacks, please arrange according to the travel needs, according to the season, according to the activity content, according to whether to camp, according to the volume of your outdoor equipment, according to the travel environment, fully consider the replacement of equipment and the increase or decrease of clothes in the activity, and leave some allowance when choosing the carrying capacity.
Ice and snow: for ice and snow sports. The main features of the backpack are strong, wear-resistant and waterproof, compact and lightweight structure, simple structure, strong external hanging binding force, etc., and special snowboard and other ski tools are tied and fixed.
Cycling: for road and cross-country cycling. The main features of the backpack are compact structure, light and comfortable carrying, convenient external hanging and binding, etc.
Leisure: for outdoor leisure, ordinary tourism or daily use: the main features are simple structure, light weight and portability, reasonable partition settings, etc.
Outdoor backpack carrying system: due to the small number of backpacks with external frame structure, there is no backpack system with soft structure. Here we mainly talk about the backpack carrying system with inner frame structure.
The so-called backpack carrying system refers to the combination of the carrying system and the supporting system of the backpack.
It should be noted that we are talking about the "carrying system" of outdoor backpacks, but please do not misunderstand that the weight of backpacks is carried by the shoulders of the human body. As outdoor backpacks need to be "carried" for a long time, people's shoulders can not bear heavy loads for a long time. And now the outdoor backpack better solves this problem.
There is a gap between the top of the shoulder strap and the shoulder.
The backpack system is composed of skeleton, back plate, belt, belt posture adjustment belt, shoulder belt and chest belt. And the bag binding belt which makes the backpack stable is also an important part of the whole system.
Through the combination and adjustment of this combined system, most of the weight of the inclusion body is transformed into the crotch part which can bear the most weight of the human body, and a small part of the weight is transferred to the shoulder blade of the human body, so as to solve the problem that the shoulder of the human body can not bear weight for a long time, so that we can carry out long-term and long-distance heavy-duty walking more easily.
Adjust the backpack system to the best condition in the following order:
1. According to back length
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